Trending Topics

  1. Real VS pretentious data scientists Troy Sadkowsky 01-Mar-2017

Latest News from DS

From Bhutan 19-Feb-2017

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
thefutureisyours.us commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:07 PM
Then these nerves are suppressed, but what this truly does
is mute your body language. Make sure your lover that you
experienced feels needed and appreciated. An SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) supplies a protected link to securely
transfer transaction details from the web.
Bandar Casino Judi Terbaik commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:22 PM
Hey very cool web site!! Man .. Excellent .. Amazing ..
I'll bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally?
I am satisfied to seek out so many useful information right here in the
publish, we'd like develop extra strategies in this regard, thank you for sharing.
. . . . .
infotainment systems commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:23 PM
Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board
and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something
back and aid others like you helped me.
Noreen commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:32 PM
Many thanks, this website is really practical.
proteine complement alimentaireVigRX Où Acheter Profolan problemi di erezione cosa farepastiglie per erezione
quality electronic commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:46 PM
Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis.
It will always be helpful to read content from other writers and practice a
little something from their web sites.
Judi Agen Casino commented on 12-Sep-2019 06:31 PM
If you are going for finest contents like myself, simply go
to see this website all the time as it provides quality contents, thanks
Stephen commented on 12-Sep-2019 07:34 PM
You're a very helpful internet site; could not make it without ya!

Profolan azioneMember XXL como aumentar masa muscular Turbo Max BluePenigen 500 prezzo
judi bandarq commented on 12-Sep-2019 08:26 PM
It's truly very complicated in this active life to listen news on TV, therefore I only use world wide web for that purpose, and get the
latest news.
Thienhagroup.net commented on 12-Sep-2019 08:26 PM
This idea of an Russian brides club assists them find out regarding their suitors and choose a
person that they are they are able to marry to and build
a contented life together. Or have you been really committed and ready to new
things that could ultimately cause far better results with attractive women. Otherwise, you
ought to rather hope that things is certain to get better after
a while plus your bride will become familiar with your
language as time progresses.
kedaijudi.strikingly.com commented on 12-Sep-2019 08:58 PM
magnificent post, very informative. I'm wondering why the other specialists of this sector do not notice this.
You must proceed your writing. I'm confident, you've a huge readers'
base already!
20대적금 commented on 12-Sep-2019 09:29 PM
Hey would you mind letting me know which webhost you're working with?
I've loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and I must say this blog
loads a lot quicker then most. Can you suggest
a good internet hosting provider at a reasonable price?
Kudos, I appreciate it!
filipino bride commented on 12-Sep-2019 09:47 PM
There are many reasons why people marry, and of course there will be some ladies who marry
for that wrong reasons. I are aware that when contemplating relationships it is very difficult to trust in order to count about the guidelines I gave.
Tip #2Here are specific things that you may wish to
focus on when interacting with folks online.
Uncontested Online Mi commented on 12-Sep-2019 10:07 PM
Highly energetic article, I loved that a lot. Will there be a part 2?
Prestataire service à domicile commented on 12-Sep-2019 10:07 PM
Just want to say your article is as astonishing.

The clearness on your publish is simply excellent and i can suppose you are
a professional on this subject. Well with your permission let me to take hold of your RSS feed to keep up to date with coming near
near post. Thank you a million and please keep up the
rewarding work.
gardening guide toontown commented on 12-Sep-2019 10:20 PM
I was more than happy to discover this site.
I want to to thank you for ones time for this fantastic read!!
I definitely appreciated every part of it and I have you saved to fav to look at new things in your site.
Cotton Saree India - SudarshanCotton.com commented on 12-Sep-2019 11:41 PM
I'm really inspired with your writing abilities and also with the structure for your weblog.
Is that this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
Either way keep up the nice high quality writing, it is rare
to look a nice weblog like this one today..
http://Indianbatman1705-001-Site5.Btempurl.com commented on 12-Sep-2019 11:53 PM
This idea of your Russian brides club enables them to know more regarding their suitors and select someone that they are they are able to
marry to and build a happy life together. The Internet lets anyone read through hundreds of
a huge number of potential mates in seconds - no matter where she
is in the world. The women of Russia were freed from their subservient
positions with a degree.
www.montanahealthfcu.org commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:21 AM
Hello there! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give
a quick shout out and tell you I really enjoy reading through your articles.
Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same subjects?
Thanks a lot!
eventclub.kz commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:35 AM
Let them know that this offer is bundled because you include
the ticket. Be careful and do your homework when choosing
to work with a catalog shopping bride agency. It does mean,
however, that everyone has key, unique, unalterable
circumstances in daily life, and free will to react to them.
Malorie commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:52 AM
Heya i am for the primary time here. I found this board and I in finding It really helpful & it helped me out much.
I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

Feel free to surf to my web sitethuocdactrigan.com is a sex website
피나클 commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:52 AM
What's up to every one, since I am really keen of reading
this website's post to be updated daily. It contains fastidious information.
phone commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:58 AM
This design is spectacular! You definitely know how to
keep a reader amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog
(well, almost...HaHa!) Excellent job. I really loved what you had to
say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!
hausnima commented on 13-Sep-2019 02:55 AM
Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied
on the video to make your point. You definitely
know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence
on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something
enlightening to read?
talc lawsuit commented on 13-Sep-2019 02:58 AM
Wow, wonderful blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?

you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your web
site is excellent, let alone the content!
Jai commented on 13-Sep-2019 03:43 AM
Merely needed to express I'm just pleased that i stumbled upon your web site!


Turbo Max Blue pôsobenieMasculin Active werking tablettia lihasmassaa varten Atlant Gel Gdzie Kupićricrescita capelli

Post a Comment




Captcha Image

Trackback Link
http://www.datascientists.com/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
Post has no trackbacks.

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Troy Sadkowsky - Wednesday, June 28, 2017

p.p1 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000} p.p2 {margin: 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px 0.0px; font: 12.0px Times; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000; min-height: 14.0px} span.s1 {font-kerning: none} span.s2 {text-decoration: underline ; font-kerning: none; color: #0000ff; -webkit-text-stroke: 0px #0000ff}

Can we unlock the Deep Learning black box?

Artificial intelligence has experienced a boom in recent years due to the increasing automation and generation of big data. Due to deep learning and artificial neural networks, machines are acquiring new perceptual abilities, such as recognizing images, speech, or reading handwriting, paving the way for an infinite number of new applications in human lives. However, this leap forward in AI processing comes at a cost – the reasoning behind the choices that deep learning networks make has become inscrutable to the engineers that built them.

Progress in automated vision greatly benefits from deep learning because general visual processing is far too complex to code by hand. A program that can learn by observing human example or through complicated training sets, and can generate its own algorithms through an interconnected network of a dozen to several hundred layers of simulated neurons, positions us that much closer to a self-driving car, or other AI programs capable of sophisticated automated decision-making. But if we cannot understand a program’s individual decisions – why it chose to drive into a tree, why a patient’s medications should be changed, why one individual was hired for the job and another flagged as a terrorist – what ethical and moral boundaries are we crossing? And if an artificial intelligence program is not 100% accurate, as they rarely are, what are the dangers of putting ourselves at the mercy of a machine’s mistakes?

According to an article in MIT Technology Review (https://www.technologyreview.com/s/604087/the-dark-secret-at-the-heart-of-ai/), trust will be a key factor in future applications of deep learning. Once machines can explain their reasoning to humans, we will better be able to learn from and act on their insights. Research is underway to develop tools for machine learning programs to be able to explain themselves. Regina Barzilay, at MIT, is developing a system that can collaborate with doctors by extracting snippets of text that represent patterns it has discover, and Carlos Guestrin’s system, from the University of Washington, highlights significant keywords or parts of an image to support a particular decision.

However, interpretable deep learning is far off, and even then, explanations offered by machines will always be simplified to a degree, which will always make trusting machine learning programs controversial. As a consequence, the European Union might soon pass legislation to make explanations for automated decisions a fundamental legal right, required of the companies that implement AI machine programs.

Jeff Clune, an investigator at the University of Wyoming testing deep neural networks, offers that, just as with human intelligence and decision-making, it is perhaps “the nature of intelligence that only part of it is exposed to rational explanation. Some of it is just instinctual, or subconscious, or inscrutable”. As deep learning offers more appealing possibilities in medicine, technology and other industries, when and should, society take the deep learning leap of faith?

Comments
thefutureisyours.us commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:07 PM
Then these nerves are suppressed, but what this truly does
is mute your body language. Make sure your lover that you
experienced feels needed and appreciated. An SSL (Secure Sockets Layer) supplies a protected link to securely
transfer transaction details from the web.
Bandar Casino Judi Terbaik commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:22 PM
Hey very cool web site!! Man .. Excellent .. Amazing ..
I'll bookmark your web site and take the feeds additionally?
I am satisfied to seek out so many useful information right here in the
publish, we'd like develop extra strategies in this regard, thank you for sharing.
. . . . .
infotainment systems commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:23 PM
Heya i am for the first time here. I came across this board
and I find It truly useful & it helped me out a lot. I hope to give something
back and aid others like you helped me.
Noreen commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:32 PM
Many thanks, this website is really practical.
proteine complement alimentaireVigRX Où Acheter Profolan problemi di erezione cosa farepastiglie per erezione
quality electronic commented on 12-Sep-2019 05:46 PM
Nice post. I learn something totally new and challenging on sites I stumbleupon on a daily basis.
It will always be helpful to read content from other writers and practice a
little something from their web sites.
Judi Agen Casino commented on 12-Sep-2019 06:31 PM
If you are going for finest contents like myself, simply go
to see this website all the time as it provides quality contents, thanks
Stephen commented on 12-Sep-2019 07:34 PM
You're a very helpful internet site; could not make it without ya!

Profolan azioneMember XXL como aumentar masa muscular Turbo Max BluePenigen 500 prezzo
judi bandarq commented on 12-Sep-2019 08:26 PM
It's truly very complicated in this active life to listen news on TV, therefore I only use world wide web for that purpose, and get the
latest news.
Thienhagroup.net commented on 12-Sep-2019 08:26 PM
This idea of an Russian brides club assists them find out regarding their suitors and choose a
person that they are they are able to marry to and build
a contented life together. Or have you been really committed and ready to new
things that could ultimately cause far better results with attractive women. Otherwise, you
ought to rather hope that things is certain to get better after
a while plus your bride will become familiar with your
language as time progresses.
kedaijudi.strikingly.com commented on 12-Sep-2019 08:58 PM
magnificent post, very informative. I'm wondering why the other specialists of this sector do not notice this.
You must proceed your writing. I'm confident, you've a huge readers'
base already!
20대적금 commented on 12-Sep-2019 09:29 PM
Hey would you mind letting me know which webhost you're working with?
I've loaded your blog in 3 completely different internet browsers and I must say this blog
loads a lot quicker then most. Can you suggest
a good internet hosting provider at a reasonable price?
Kudos, I appreciate it!
filipino bride commented on 12-Sep-2019 09:47 PM
There are many reasons why people marry, and of course there will be some ladies who marry
for that wrong reasons. I are aware that when contemplating relationships it is very difficult to trust in order to count about the guidelines I gave.
Tip #2Here are specific things that you may wish to
focus on when interacting with folks online.
Uncontested Online Mi commented on 12-Sep-2019 10:07 PM
Highly energetic article, I loved that a lot. Will there be a part 2?
Prestataire service à domicile commented on 12-Sep-2019 10:07 PM
Just want to say your article is as astonishing.

The clearness on your publish is simply excellent and i can suppose you are
a professional on this subject. Well with your permission let me to take hold of your RSS feed to keep up to date with coming near
near post. Thank you a million and please keep up the
rewarding work.
gardening guide toontown commented on 12-Sep-2019 10:20 PM
I was more than happy to discover this site.
I want to to thank you for ones time for this fantastic read!!
I definitely appreciated every part of it and I have you saved to fav to look at new things in your site.
Cotton Saree India - SudarshanCotton.com commented on 12-Sep-2019 11:41 PM
I'm really inspired with your writing abilities and also with the structure for your weblog.
Is that this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
Either way keep up the nice high quality writing, it is rare
to look a nice weblog like this one today..
http://Indianbatman1705-001-Site5.Btempurl.com commented on 12-Sep-2019 11:53 PM
This idea of your Russian brides club enables them to know more regarding their suitors and select someone that they are they are able to
marry to and build a happy life together. The Internet lets anyone read through hundreds of
a huge number of potential mates in seconds - no matter where she
is in the world. The women of Russia were freed from their subservient
positions with a degree.
www.montanahealthfcu.org commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:21 AM
Hello there! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give
a quick shout out and tell you I really enjoy reading through your articles.
Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same subjects?
Thanks a lot!
eventclub.kz commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:35 AM
Let them know that this offer is bundled because you include
the ticket. Be careful and do your homework when choosing
to work with a catalog shopping bride agency. It does mean,
however, that everyone has key, unique, unalterable
circumstances in daily life, and free will to react to them.
Malorie commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:52 AM
Heya i am for the primary time here. I found this board and I in finding It really helpful & it helped me out much.
I hope to give something back and help others like you aided me.

Feel free to surf to my web sitethuocdactrigan.com is a sex website
피나클 commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:52 AM
What's up to every one, since I am really keen of reading
this website's post to be updated daily. It contains fastidious information.
phone commented on 13-Sep-2019 01:58 AM
This design is spectacular! You definitely know how to
keep a reader amused. Between your wit and your videos, I was almost moved to start my own blog
(well, almost...HaHa!) Excellent job. I really loved what you had to
say, and more than that, how you presented it. Too cool!
hausnima commented on 13-Sep-2019 02:55 AM
Write more, thats all I have to say. Literally, it seems as though you relied
on the video to make your point. You definitely
know what youre talking about, why throw away your intelligence
on just posting videos to your weblog when you could be giving us something
enlightening to read?
talc lawsuit commented on 13-Sep-2019 02:58 AM
Wow, wonderful blog layout! How long have you been blogging for?

you make blogging look easy. The overall look of your web
site is excellent, let alone the content!
Jai commented on 13-Sep-2019 03:43 AM
Merely needed to express I'm just pleased that i stumbled upon your web site!


Turbo Max Blue pôsobenieMasculin Active werking tablettia lihasmassaa varten Atlant Gel Gdzie Kupićricrescita capelli

Post a Comment




Captcha Image

Trackback Link
http://www.datascientists.com/BlogRetrieve.aspx?BlogID=10882&PostID=711829&A=Trackback
Trackbacks
Post has no trackbacks.